The Yellow Throated Seed Eater is known from a few isolated areas in acacia grass savanna in southern and southeastern Ethiopia. It is a species of questionable taxonomic status since it may be a hybrid between the Yellow Ramped Seed Eater (S. Atrogularis) and the White bellied Canary (S. Dorostritus). It has a grey back and is similar in size to the Yellow Ramped Seed Eater but has streaks on the back and a long tail like the White Bellied Canary. Further evidence for considering the Yellow Throated Seed Eater a hybrid is that it is known only from localities where both the Yellow Ramped Seed Eater and the White Bellied Canary would be expected to occur as well. The habits of the Yellow Throated Seed Eater are unknown. Its nest and eggs are also not described. Most ornithological references maintain that, until the Yellow Throated Seed Eater is better known, it should be considered a separate species. It is on this basis that the bird is included here and therefore is considered to be another species found only in Ethiopia.